2021/05/04

Stay home but keep on doing it.

The end of Arakawa Cycling Road,
Shinsuna River Station, which is at a distance of
about 40 kilometers from Akigase Park.



2021/05/01

風に立つおじさん


40年来の友人とサイクリング。片道50キロ2時間の道のりを往復。そばを喰って帰って来るというシンプルな旅。時節柄とても気を使います。行きも帰りも向かい風。その分達成感は強まった。よい汗をかきました。


2021/04/30

風に立つライオン

映画『風に立つライオン』より,航一郎(大沢たかお)とミケ(ケニアの少年)の名シーン。

ミケ:Can I become a doctor?
航一郎:Of course you can.
ミケ:There's no way I can become a doctor.
航一郎:Sure you can. Where there is a will there is a way.
ミケ:I killed nine people. Killed nine. I murdered. I am a murderer.
航一郎:You took the lives of nine people, so now you have to spend your life saving ten lives. You understand me right? That's what the future is for.



今日の秋ヶ瀬・さくら草公園。
アフリカの大草原に...見えてきませんか?

2021/04/26

その意思が,運命を変える。


池江璃花子×是枝裕和
短編ドキュメンタリー『THE CENTER LANE』


後ろを振り向く必要はないと思います。
何かひとつの ちょっとだけ違った 行動だったり 考えで
運命とか 未来って 簡単に変わる と思っているので。
だから 今の この瞬間を
どう生きるか … 大切なことだと思っています。


2021/04/25

Wow, ominous clouds 
in the vastness of the blue sky


 

2021/04/23


 

ぎらりと光るダイヤのような日

茨木のり子
短い生涯
とてもとても短い生涯
六十年か七十年か

お百姓はどれほど田植えをするのだろう
コックはパイをどれ位焼くのだろう
教師は同じことをどれ位しゃべるのだろう

子供たちは地球の住人になるために
文法や算数や魚の生態なんかを
しこたまつめこまれる

それから品種の改良や
りふじんな権力との闘いや
不正な裁判の攻撃や
泣きたいような雑用や
ばかな戦争の後始末をして
研究や精進や結婚などがあって
小さな赤ん坊が生まれたりすると
考えたりもっと違った自分になりたい
欲望などはもはや贅沢品になってしまう

世界に別れを告げる日に
ひとは一生をふりかえって
じぶんが本当に生きた日が
あまりにすくなかったことに驚くだろう

指折り数えるしかない
その日々の中の一つには
恋人との最初の一瞥の
するどい閃光などもまじっているだろう

〈本当に生きた日〉は人によって
たしかに違う
ぎらりと光るダイヤのような日は
銃殺の朝であったり
アトリエの夜であったり
果樹園のまひるであったり
未明のスクラムであたりするのだ



ダヴコット文庫 ときめきの100冊(16)
茨木のり子詩集 谷川俊太郎選(岩波文庫)


2021/04/14

 

標準・応用レベルの自習用参考図書の 自習用プリント を改訂し,BLANK READING 用の英文を加え,4分冊から6分冊としました。

左ベージには 構文分析用の英文,右ページには日本語訳 という段組みは これまで通りです。

準備レベルを修了した元塾生には,希望があれば郵送します。ご笑納いただけましたら幸いです。


2021/04/11

御坂峠 天下茶屋(太宰治文学記念館)

 


道志みち 〜 山中湖 〜 御坂峠 天下茶屋(太宰治文学記念館)〜 中央道


2021/04/06


英語演説 のプリント教材の,主にレイアウトを修正し,音読用の英文を加えました。左ページには構造分析用の英文,右ページには日本語訳 という段組みはこれまで通りです。標準レベル修了以上の選択教材です。

Martin Luther King Jr. (1657 words)
Charlie Chaplin (719 words)
Steve Jobs (2279 words)
Malala Yousafzai (1535 words)

2021/03/13

Lady Gaga's message


東日本大震災から10年を迎え,日本に向けてメッセージを寄せてくれた Lady Gaga もスバラシイが,そのメッセージを文字に起こして 構造分析してきた塾生もまたスバラシイ。Lady Gaga さんの生の英語を 皆さんとシェアしたいと思います。
UNIVERSAL MUSIC JAPAN 公式サイト こちら




Hi, Japan. This is Lady Gaga.

It seems like yesterday that I was watching the shocking footage of the devastating earthquake and tsunami on the news and thinking what can I do to help, I remember making a lot of phone calls that day.

Through the years, seeing and hearing about the vast recovery of your beautiful cities, I have so much respect to the people of Japan for your strength, kindness and love for each other.

I think it gives hope to the people now that are fighting through the COVID pandemic all around the world. However, I can also imagine that there are still many people fighting through the pain emotionally and mentally.

So, let's all continue to support each other, be kind to each other and love each other. I am always praying for you, Japan for a better world. We still live in a difficult time with the coronavirus.

Please take care of yourself and be kind to yourself and to the people around you. I look forward to coming back to Japan soon. "Aishitemasu!"


【一口コメント】
It seems ~ that SV(チャート式♠181),there is S ~ing(♠219),分詞構文(♠221)2ヶ所は いずれも 高1初出。what can I do は 中間話法(♠329)といって 教科書ではほどんど扱われません。中3初出の間接疑問(♠544)では what I can do となるところです。どちらが気持ちが伝わるか読み比べてみてください。now はうしろの関係代名詞節にかけてみる。語彙レベルでは respect...for,pray...for の ”なかよし” を押さえたい。look forward to ~ing は動名詞の 他の慣用表現として まとめて確認したい(♠207)。最後に,塾生であれば 中1教科書で考えた「and は何と何を and で結んでいるか? and を見たら考えよ!」ということが いかに大切で,かつ難しいか,よく考えてみてください。

2021/03/12

速音読チャレンジ 番外編 (2)

1分(くらい)で読めますか?

小さき者へ
有島武郎

 その母上の愛は遺書にあるようにお前たちを護らずにはいないだろう。よく眠れ。不可思議なときというものの作用にお前たちを打任かしてよく眠れ。そうして明日は昨日よりも大きく賢くなって寝床の中から踊り出して来い。私は私の役目を成し遂げる事に全力を尽くすだろう。私の一生が如何に失敗であろうとも,また私が如何なる誘惑に打負けようともお前たちは私の足跡に不純な何物をも見出し得ないだけの事はする。きっとする。お前たちは私の斃(たお)れた所から新しく歩みださねばならないのだ。しかしどちらの方向にどう歩まねばならぬかは,かすかながらにもお前たちは私の足跡から探し出す事ができるだろう。

 小さき者よ。不幸なそして同時に幸福なお前たちの父と母との祝福を胸にしめて人の世の旅に登れ。前途は遠い。そして暗い。しかし恐れてはならぬ。恐れのない者の前に道は開ける。

 行け。勇んで。小さき者よ。◀

2021/03/11

速音読チャレンジ 番外編 (1)

1分(くらい)で読めますか?

生まれ出ずる悩み
有島武郎
 
 そして僕は,同時に,この地球の上のそこここに君と同じい疑いと悩みとを持って苦しんでいる人々の上に最上の道が開けよかしと祈るものだ。この切なる祈りの心は君の身の上を知るようになってから僕の心の中に殊に激しく強まった。

 ほんとうに地球は生きている。生きて呼吸している。この地球の生まんとする悩み,この地球の胸の中に隠れて生まれ出ようとするものの悩み―それを僕はしみじみと君によって感ずることができる。それは湧き出で踊り上がる強い力の感じを以て僕を涙ぐませる。

 君よ! 今は東京の冬も過ぎて,梅が咲き椿が咲くようになった。太陽の生み出す慈愛の光を,地面は胸を張り拡げて吸い込んでいる。春が来るのだ。

 君よ春が来るのだ。冬の後には春が来るのだ。君の上にも確かに,正しく,力強く,永久の春が微笑めよかし……僕はただそう心から祈る。◀


2021/01/24

共通テストの英語 第6問 A

述語動詞
準動詞(不定詞・動名詞・分詞・分詞構文)
節を導く語(接続詞・関係代名詞)

高校1年初出の【 準動詞の否定(not realizing, not wear),形式主語(It ~ that ...)】と語彙を除き,すべて中学既習の文法事項。


   Ice hockey is a team sport enjoyed by a wide variety of people around the world. The object of the sport is to move a hard rubber disk called a "puck" into the other team's net with a hockey stick. Two teams with six players on each team engage in this fast-paced sport on a hard and slippery ice rink. Players may reach a speed of 30 kilometers per hour sending the puck into the air. At this pace, both the players and the puck can be a cause of serious danger.

   The speed of the sport and the slippery surface of the ice rink make it easy for players to fall down or bump into each other resulting in a variety of injuries. In an attempt to protect players, equipment such as helmets, gloves, and pads for the shoulders, elbows, and legs, has been introduced over the years. Despite these efforts, ice hockey has a high rate of concussions.

   A concussion is an injury to the brain that affects the way it functions; it is caused by either direct or indirect impact to the head, face, neck, or elsewhere and can sometimes cause temporary loss of consciousness. In less serious cases, for a short time, players may be unable to walk straight or see clearly, or they may experience ringing in the ears. Some believe they just have a slight headache and do not realizethey have injured their brains.

   In additon to not realizing the seriousness of the injury, players tend to worry about what their coach will think. In the past, coaches preferred tough players who played in spite of the pain. In other words, while it would seem logical for an injured player to stop playing after getting hurt, many did not. Recently, however, it has been found that concussions can have serious effects that last a lifetime. People with a history of concussion may have trouble concentrating or sleeping. Moreover, they may suffer from psychological problems such as depression and mood changes. In some cases, players may develop smell and taste disorders.

   The National Hockey League (NHL), consisting of teams in Canada and the United States, has been making stricter rules and guidelines to deal with concussions. For example, in 2001, the NHL introduced the wearing of visors-pieces of clear plastic attached to the helmet that protect the face. At first, it was optional and many players chose not to wear them. Since 2013, however, it has been required. In addition, in 2004, the NHL began to give more severe penalties, such as suspensions and fines, to players who hit another player in the head deliberately.

   The NHL also introduced a concussion spotters system in 2015. In this system, NHL officials with access to live streaming and video replay watch for visible indications of concussion during each game. At first, two concussion spotters, who had no medical training, monitored the game in the arena. The following year, one to four concussion spotters with medical training were added. They monitored each game from the League's head office in New York. If a spotter thinks that a player has suffered a concussion, the player is removed from the game and is taken to a "quiet room" for an examination by a medical doctor. The player is not allowed to return to the game until the doctor gives permission.

   The NHL has made much progress in making ice hockey a safer sport. As more is learned about the causes and effects of concussions, the NHL will surely take further measures to ensure player safety. Better safety might lead to an increase in the number of ice hockey players and fans.


 

2021/01/23

共通テストの英語 第6問 B

述語動詞
準動詞(不定詞・動名詞・分詞・分詞構文)
節を導く語(接続詞・関係代名詞)

高校1年初出の【 分詞構文,倍数表現,in+動名詞,対比のwhile,助動詞+受動態,wheter A or B,when+~ing における主語+be動詞の省略(ここでは一般の人を表す you を主語と考えるとよい。また,接続詞+分詞構文という考え方もある),過去の習慣を表すwould 】と語彙を除き,すべて中学既習の文法事項。


   Cake, candy, soft drinks-most of us love sweet things. In fact, young people say "Sweet!" to mean something is "good" in English. When we think of sweetness, we imagine ordinary white sugar from sugar cane or sugar beet plants. Scientific discoveries, however, have changed the world of sweeteners. We can now extract sugars from many other plants. The most obvious example is corn. Corn is abundant, inexpensive, and easy to process. High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is about 1.2 times sweeter than regular sugar, but quite high in calories. Taking science one step further, over the past 70 years scientists have developed a wide variety of artificial sweeteners.

   A recent US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey concluded that 14.6% of the average American's energy intake is from "added sugar," which refers to sugar that is not derived from whole foods. A banana, for example, is a whole food, while a cookie contains added sugar. More than half of added sugar calories are from sweetened drinks and desserts. Lots of added sugar can have negative effects on our bodies, including excessive weight gain and other health problems. For this reason, many choose low-calorie substitutes for drinks, snacks, and desserts.

   Natural alternatives to white sugar include brown sugar, honey, and maple syrup, but they also tend to be high in calories. Consequently, alternative "low-calorie sweeteners" (LCSs), mostly artificial chemical combinations, have become popular. The most common LCSs todya are aspartame, Ace-K, stevia, and sucralose. Not all LCSs are artificial-stevia comes from plant leaves.

   Alternative sweeteners can be hard to use in cooking because some cannot be heated and most are far sweeter than white sugar. Aspartame and Ace-K are 200 times sweeter than sugar. Stevia is 300 times sweeter, and sucralose has twice the sweetness of stevia. Some new sweeteners are even more intense. A Japanese company recently developed "Advantame," which is 20,000 times sweeter than sugar. Only a tiny amount of this substance is required to sweeten something.

   When choosing sweeteners, it is important to consider health issues. Making desserts with lots of white sugar, for example, results in high-calorie dishes that could lead to weight gain. There are those who prefer LCSs for this very reason. Apart from calories, however, some research links consuming artificial LCSs with various other health concerns. Some LCSs contain strong chemmicals suspected of causing cancer, while others have been shown to affect memory and brain development, so they can be dangerous, especially for young children, pregnant women, and the elderly. There are a few relatively natural alternative sweeteners, like xylitol and sorbitol, which are low in calories. Unfortunately, these move through the body extremely slowly, so consuming large amounts can cause stomach trouble.

   When people want something sweet, even with all the information, it is difficult for them to decide whether to stick to common higher calorie sweeteners like sugar or to use LCSs. Many varieties of gum and candy today contain one or more artificial sweeteners; nontheless, some people who would not put artificial sweeteners in hot drinks may still buy such items. Individuals need to weigh the options and then choose the sweeteners that best suit their needs and circumstances.

※ take ~ one step further: ~を一歩進める


2021/01/21

America is back.



The star-Spangled Banner

Oh, say can you see, 
by the dawn's early light,
what so proudly we hailed
at the twilight's last gleaming?

Whose broad stripes and bright stars
through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched
were so gallantly streaming?

And the rockets' red glare,
the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night
that our flag was still there.

Oh, say does that
star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free
and the home of the brave?


From Joe Biden's inauguration speech.
I give you my word. I will always level with you. I will defend the Constitution. I'll defend our democracy. I'll defend America and I will give all, all of you. Keep everything I do in your service, thinking not of power, but of possibilities, not of personal interest, but of the public good. And together we shall write an American story of hope, not fear. Of unity, not division. Of light, not darkness. A story of decency and dignity, love and healing, greatness and goodness.

2021/01/18

Paper Church in Kobe


On January 17, 1995, there was a great earthquake in the Hanshin area. Ban Shigeru went to Kobe and saw many of the victims of the earthquake standing together near their church. It had been badly damaged.

He asked the priest, "Why don' we build a new church using paper tubes?" At first, the priest did not agree to the offer. He said that the most important thing should be housing for the victims.

Ban visited the church many times to talk to the priest. He told the priest that the church was important because it would serve as community center for the earthquake victims.

Finally, the priest understood Ban's way of thinking. Ban and more than 300 volunteers worked together to build the church.

Ban believes that relief structures should be beautiful. Because they help restore the self-respect(自尊心) of disaster victims, his shelters have been called "dignity buildings(暮らす人々の尊厳を保つ建物)."

Bans says that just because a structure is temporary doesn't mean it shouldn't look good.(仮設だからといって見栄えが良くなくてもよいということにはならない)"Displaced people are damaged in spirit as well as in body," he explains. "They have to stay in nice places. I think it very important that they see something beautiful."

 

Quoted from CROWN English Communication I, Lesson 7.
緑太字は準動詞


Just because people don't talk doesn't mean they don't think.(しゃべらないからといって考えていないということにはならない)

Just because he thinks it's a good idea doesn't mean it's a good idea.(彼がよいアイデアだと思うからといって,それが本当によいアイデアとは限らない)


2021/01/15

がんばれ,受験生!

明日から 大学入学共通テスト

第1日程 16日(土),17日(日)
志願者数 534,527人
(現役生 84.0%,既卒生 15.2%,その他 0.8%)

第2日程 30日(土),31日(日)
志願者数 718人
(現役生 99.9%,その他 0.1%)

❑ 現役志願率 44.3%
(現役生志願者 449,795人/高校卒業見込者 1,016,475人)

❑ 共通テスト利用 国公私立大学数 866